The herpes simplex virus has two different forms, HSV-1 and HSV-2. While the HSV-1 form of the virus can cause genital herpes due to a genital infection, normally it is caused by the HSV-2 form.
Symptoms of Herpes:
- Flu-like symptoms
- Sores or blisters
- Redness near the site of an outbreak
- Itching and burning
- Painful urination
- Genital scabs
HSV-1 can be transmitted by both sexual and skin to skin contact. In the genital form, it is most commonly transferred through oral sex during an outbreak, but has been seen through vaginal sex as well. HSV-2 is extremely contagious and does not require any open sores to transfer from one person to the next. It can simply be transferred from skin to skin contact. HSV-2 is the more common form of genital herpes.
Type of Test Required for Diagnosis
A blood test is required to diagnose herpes. It is used to test the body for HSV IgG antibodies. If necessary, an IgM test can be taken for early detection of the virus.